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Part B: Understanding the differences

Now that you have seen some examples and hopefully got an idea about a range of e-research/e-learning applications, in this section we will look at some of the finer differences between the applications presented in the previous section.

1

Which of the following are designed to allow real-time 2-way communication?

a)
b)
c)
d)
Well done you got all these right. Video streaming is essentially broadcast video over the internet, and is therefore one way. The other three all allow 2 way communication, but a discussion board is not intended for work in real-time (although it can be used as such but quickly gets rather confusing). Some of your choices were incorrect. Video streaming is essentially broadcast video over the internet, and is therefore one way. The other three all allow 2 way communication, but a discussion board is not intended for work in real-time (although it can be used as such but quickly gets rather confusing). Your answer has been saved.
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2

Which of the following are designed primarily as a personal tool, that may be seen by others but would not normally be edited by them, and where the student could normally control which areas could be seen by other people?

a)
b)
c)
d)
Yes that's correct. A VLE is not really a personalised tool - a VLE is typically organised around sets of content and tools to which groups of learners are given access, rather than around the individual user. However group areas can be created containing only one learner. A discussion board is normally intended for use by a group of participants rather than an individual. Some of your choices were incorrect. A VLE is not really a personalised tool - a VLE is typically organised around sets of content and tools to which groups of learners are given access, rather than around the individual user. However group areas can be created containing only one learner. A discussion board is normally intended for use by a group of participants rather than an individual. Your answer has been saved.
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3

Which of these tools allow you to "push" information to other people (where for example it automatically appears in your inbox, home page, or desktop)? This contrasts with "pull" technologies where the user has to visit a specific site or area to access the information.

a)
b)
c)
d)
All your answers are right. Well done. A discussion board is a shared place you have to visit to find out if anything new has been posted, unlike email where you have a personal inbox to which messages are sent. However some discussion board will email you to tell you that a new message has been posted, but you normally have to visit the board to read the message.

An online tutorial is a static resource available on the web from a specified address.

Some of your answers are incorrect. A discussion board is a shared place you have to visit to find out if anything new has been posted, unlike email where you have a personal inbox to which messages are sent. However some discussion board will email you to tell you that a new message has been posted, but you normally have to visit the board to read the message.

An online tutorial is a static resource available on the web from a specified address.

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4

Which of the following functions would you expect to find in a online assessment tool?

a)
b)
c)
d)
Correct well done. The purpose of Instant feedback is to help participants learn (for example in this tutorial). If the purpose is strictly for assessment then feedback may be distracting so it is more likely to appear at the end or not at all. An demonstration would also occur more normally where the purpose is learning rather than assessment. Some of your choices are incorrect. The purpose of Instant feedback is to help participants learn (for example in this tutorial). If the purpose is strictly for assessment then feedback may be distracting so it is more likely to appear at the end or not at all. An demonstration would also occur more normally where the purpose is learning rather than assessment. Your answer has been saved.
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5

If you wanted to create an online portfolio for yourself, your students or colleagues, but didn't have access to a dedicated eportfolio tool, which of the following do you think you could use to carry out eportfolio-type functions?

a)
b)
c)
d)
Well done. All of your choices are correct.

Blog: Yes, a Blog might lend itself very well, particularly to the reflective aspects of an eportfolio - the contents are personalised and the owner can allow public access to some parts of the Blog while keeping other areas private.

Discussion Board: Yes - again this can be used for personalised reflective writing and in systems such as Blackboard, discussion boards can be set up for a group (which can contain only 1 person) enabling confidential personalised writing - tho' this can be reviewed by tutors. Additionally Blackboard group areas allow files (containing other evidence of learning) to be uploaded by the student.

Chat room: No. Chat rooms are synchronous although a record of sessions can be kept they are not suited to solitary writing or to longer pieces of writing.

Email: Not really. You could save all messages relating to your portfolio into a single message group, but this would be unwieldy and hard to manage.

Some of your choices are incorrect. See below for an explanation.

Blog: Yes, a Blog might lend itself very well, particularly to the reflective aspects of an eportfolio - the contents are personalised and the owner can allow public access to some parts of the Blog while keeping other areas private.

Discussion Board: Yes - again this can be used for personalised reflective writing and in systems such as Blackboard, discussion boards can be set up for a group (which can contain only 1 person) enabling confidential personalised writing - tho' this can be reviewed by tutors. Additionally Blackboard group areas allow files (containing other evidence of learning) to be uploaded by the student.

Chat room: No. Chat rooms are synchronous although a record of sessions can be kept they are not suited to solitary writing or to longer pieces of writing.

Email: Not really. You could save all messages relating to your portfolio into a single message group, but this would be unwieldy and hard to manage.

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