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Work with what learners already know

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The following paragraph explains the principle of working with what learners already know. To see how much you understand the principle, choose the correct word for each gap from the pull down list.

When we learn, we compare information with what we already know. The theory of knowledge construction sees the learner not as an vessel into which pre-formulated knowledge can be poured undigested, but someone with an knowledge structure onto which they must fit their new learning. A constructivist approach will therefore begin with what the learner already knows (the known), and involve them in engagement with the new (Mayes 1998).

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